Successful NPT Review Conference
30 May 2010
I welcome the successful 2010 Review Conference on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, which concluded in New York over the weekend.
I attended the opening session of the Conference earlier this month.
In stark contrast to the failed 2005 Conference, the 2010 Conference unanimously adopted a comprehensive and forward-looking final document which is a strong global commitment to the nuclear non-proliferation regime.
The Conference reaffirmed the Treaty as the cornerstone of the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regimes. It agreed on 64 follow-on actions to reinforce the core principles of the Treaty — on disarmament, non-proliferation and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
The balance of outcomes across the Treaty's three pillars — disarmament, non-proliferation and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy — is unprecedented.
Australia particularly welcomes the commitment by Nuclear-Weapon States to reduce and eventually to eliminate all nuclear weapons.
The many detailed and specific actions agreed by the participants are concrete and practical steps towards a safer and more secure world.
Australia also welcomes the commitment made on the hosting of a Conference in 2012 on the establishment of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. This commitment was crucial to achieving a consensus outcome.
Australia played an active and constructive role leading up to and throughout the Conference. Our efforts, including our package of measures tabled jointly with Japan, were reflected in the final outcome.
The report of the independent International Commission on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament, initiated by Australia and Japan, received significant attention and was universally praised as a thoughtful and practical contribution.
Australia has a long and proud record of activism and achievement on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament. Australia looks forward to building on this record and the successful NPT Review Conference outcome in the period ahead.
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